The horizontally ribbed sauce pictured to the remaining is surely an early equipment-produced merchandise that also had nearly similar mouth-blown counterparts. These were being known as "ring pepper sauce" or "oval ring pepper sauce" bottles via the very likely dozens of various early 20th century glass makers that generated the design. This unique instance has a the "I in a diamond" maker's mark for that Illinois Glass Firm (Alton, IL.) and sure dates with the mid-1910s as this design and style was revealed in their 1911 catalog although not from the 1920 or 1925 editions. This oval (in cross-section) design and style was well-liked in the late 1890s by a minimum of the late 1920s and early 1930s (Illinois Glass 1899, 1911, 1920, 1925; Cumberland Glass 1911; Fairmount Glass ca.
English chow chow - This is the regular example of a ubiquitous English made bottle style that is rather frequently located on U. S. historic internet sites. It has a crudely applied one-aspect complete and was blown in the cup-base mold without any proof of air venting. These variety bottles appear to happen to be created in a similar trend for an prolonged time period, i.e., from at the least as early as the 1870s right until at the very least the mid-1910s (empirical observations). These jars normally held chow chow but were being also employed for other foods solutions. Click the subsequent links to see far more illustrations or photos of this bottle/jar: foundation view with The standard - though hugely variable - figures and/or letters markings typical to those English bottles; shut-up of the shoulder, neck and end showing the crudely utilized finish.
How did the facet mold seams vanish and why the horizontal seam within the end? The short reply is usually that these bottles were being all produced by press-and-blow machines which simply leave guiding these distinct functions in addition to a valve/ejection mark on The bottom.
Very similar 20th century jars While using the bead under the threads really seal over the rim (lip) by way of a metal lid While using the rubber (or rubber-like) sealing floor a everlasting part of the lid and that is held in position by metal screw band. The sealing compound on the lid would soften under heat although canning and adapt alone to small irregularities within the jar rim supplying an excellent seal (Creswick 1987). These jars/closures had been significantly popular beginning during the late 1910s and twenties and remain in use today.
The reasonably vast mouth quart+ bottle/jar famous earlier - and pictured to the above mentioned still left - is labeled (no system embossing) as getting been used for "Crown Brand Queen Olives" through the S. S. Pierce Co. of Boston, MA. This was a considerable Boston based food items packing organization (of which there were many) which was set up as being a corner food market in 1831 and promptly blossomed to "Importers and Grocers" generating and importing scores of goods; they had been still in small business as late as 1980 (Zumwalt 1980). This design and style was identified as an "English chow," "English pickle," or "chow chow" by bottle makers even though was definitely utilized for other foods (Illinois Glass Co. 1906; Kearns-Gorsuch Bottle Co. 1916). This distinct jar has an used, one particular-part "wide packer" (or "wide patent") end, was blown within a submit-bottom mold, and it has solitary shoulder air venting marks on each side. Much larger bottles similar to this were created with these diagnostic functions (the used finish & post-bottom mould conformation) to the 1890s or maybe early 1900s (specially Should the jar was imported) which was Significantly later than other more compact, narrower bore bottles.
Early 20th century illustrations are not unheard of in colorless or gentle amethyst glass (Rinker 1968; empirical observations). Early twentieth century illustrations created by the Illinois Glass Co. are sometimes based marked with I. G. Co. and have been almost identical check that to the example during the illustration to the best (Obear-Nester Co. 1922; Zumwalt 1980; empirical observations).
The above mentioned (still left) pictured case in point had a normal 8 ounce capability and was produced by the Whitall, Tatum & Co. (Millville, NJ) from no less than as early as 1879 to not less than the early 1910s (Whitall Tatum & Co. 1879, 1892, 1909, 1924). It is actually embossed to the entrance (or upper facet while laying down) with ACME NURSING / (6 sided star with WT&CO within) / BOTTLE. Simply click 1879 catalog to check out an illustration from your Whitall, Tatum & Co. bottle catalog from that yr displaying the ACME "bent neck, round bottom" nursing bottle and a number of other variations that the company produced. This pictured bottle contains a tooled solitary portion bead complete and was blown in a true two-piece mold with air venting indicating a probable 1890 to 1910 manufacture.
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This closure/complete was applied around the ubiquitous Mason's Patent Nov. 30, 1858 jars together with quite a few other types of very similar jars. John L. Mason's unique patents did not deal with the cap alone due to the fact screw caps (and threaded finishes) were not a completely new invention, courting back again to a minimum of 1810 (Toulouse 1969a). As a substitute, the patent covered the enhanced continuous screw threads within the jars which steadily vanished in direction of the two the very best (rim) and the bottom (shoulder) of the complete- permitting for any tightening seal - and also the reasonably flat shoulder sealing area. Click on Patent #22,129 to begin to see the November twenty third, 1858 patent for the details from the mould and "vanishing thread" and Patent #22,186 to see the well-known November twenty eighth, 1858 patent for that shoulder seal jar by itself.
Begin to see the introduction to this "Canning Jars" segment earlier mentioned for general production connected diagnostic relationship info for canning jars.
LORD WARD'S / WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE - This eight" bottle is embossed vertically (LORD WARD'S) on your body and horizontally (WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE) round the shoulder imitating specifically the embossing sample of the much more popular Lea & Perrins bottles on the period. These bottles possess the diagnostic features regular of its recognized age of 1865, i.e., extremely crudely formed club sauce used finish, insufficient the two mould air venting and pontil scar, and an All round crudity bespeaking its Civil War period manufacture.
The different Mason form fruit jars have the subsequent general relationship observations. This relationship dialogue focuses primarily on the ubiquitous "Mason's 1858" jars and to a point the "powerful shoulder" varieties, even though other types of external screw thread canning jars typically stick to these common observations where pertinent:
There were several patented versions in the straddle-lip top seal closure on an assortment of comparable variety jars. None of these jars ended up as well-known because the shoulder seal Mason jars as the opportunity to reliably seal was from time to time compromised by the roughness of the ground rim on mouth-blown jars. As a bunch these are often called "Improved Masons" - a time period noted coined by John L. Mason himself nevertheless he didn't invent this precise closure method (Toulouse 1969a). Somewhat popular examples of these sort jars contain: Mason's Enhanced, The Gem, The Hero, Victory (instance mentioned beneath), Flaccus Brothers, and a few other mouth-blown sorts during the final fifty percent with the 19th century into the very early twentieth.
Further bottle catalog illustrations of horse radish bottles are available at the subsequent links: